What are the fruits of Brazil?
Brazil is one of the top fruit producing countries in the world, you can find all kinds of fruits in this country. Besides many native fruits, there are a variety of fruits that are not native to Brazil and have been introduced to the country which grows in great abundance, such as oranges and kiwi.
Brazil is one of the largest producing countries of oranges. If you like to drink orange juice, chances are it is made with oranges grown from Brazil.
Brazilians all eat a large amount of fruits that come from everywhere in Brazil because the land is very fertile, the most common type of fruits are: mango, guava, cashew fruit, pineapple, passion fruit, orange and plum, banana and more. There is also many types of exotic fruits only native to the Amazon region.
It is estimated that there are atleast over 300 Brazilian fruits in Brazil. Brazil is the land of many native fruits such as Guarana and Acai, which are grown in the Amazon region of Brazil.
Lets take a look at the fruits of Brazil.
Typical fruits of Brazil
Guarana: is a small reddish berry-like Brazilian fruit that is very sweet and juicy. This Brazilian fruit comes from Amazon and is used in numerous products in Brazil such as in guarana-flovored sodas. Guarana is an effective stimulant as it contains about twice the caffeine found in coffee beans (about 2-4.5% caffeine in guarana seeds compared to 1-2% for coffee beans). Also, guarana has also been shown to increase memory and alertness.
Açaí: is a Brazilian fruit which is a type of berry that grows on the açaí palm trees and is native to the Amazon region. Acai berries are purplish-black berries that are similar in appearance but larger than a blueberry. The fruit has been eaten by natives of the Amazon for generations.
Nowadays you can find juices and ice creams of acai everywhere in Brazil and is steadily moving into other countries.
Acai is rich in a number of vitamins and athletes have found it a good and quick source of energy and also because of the many health benefits, açaí is used in juices, smoothies, drinks, powders, supplements, energy drinks, and in weight loss products.
Caju: cashews, it is usually used to make juice and the seed of the fruit is used to make nuts, which are a popular snack.
Brazil nut: Brazil nuts are actually seeds that are inside the fruit which grow on the Brazil nut tree. Inside the fruit are 8-24 seeds that are typically 4-5 cm long. Brazil nuts grow on enormous trees in the Amazon rainforest and reach 30-45 meters (100-150 ft) high and can live from 500-1,000 years. Brazil nuts are harvested from wild trees and are a good source of some vitamins and minerals.
Abacaxi (Pineapple), many don’t know that the Pineapple is native to South America (not Hawaii). Pineapple is a favorite breakfast fruit of many Brazilians.
Agua de coco da Bahia (Bahia Coconut water) it’s a very popular drink on the beaches in Brazil.
Goiaba ( Guava) is white, green or yellow and has a red inside. This fruit is very high in vitamins A, B and C. It is usually used to make pasta of guava and its can be eaten together with white cheese.
Maracuja ( Passion fruit) Most common is the large yellow variety. Passion fruit is as a popular drink or used to make some kind of sweet like mousse.
Cacau (Cacao) many people have never seen the cocoa fruit the main ingredient to make the chocolate using the seeds from cacao, it’s originally from Bahia. You still can eat the white fruit that covers the cacao seeds.
Jaca (Jackfruit) are known for having a distinct aroma and the flavor is similar to a tart banana. The flesh of the jackfruit is starchy and fibrous, and is a source of dietary fibre. In Brazil, three varieties are recognized. These are: jaca-dura, or “hard” variety, which has firm flesh and the largest fruits that can weigh between 15 and 40 kilograms each; jaca-mole, or “soft” variety, which bears smaller fruits, with softer and sweeter flesh; and jaca-manteiga, or “butter” variety, which bears sweet fruits, whose flesh has a consistency intermediate between the “hard” and “soft” varieties.
Carambola is a pale-yellow to green fruit with ribbed edges and firm flesh. When sliced horizontally, it looks like a star, its can taste very sweet when its very yellow.
Mamao or papaia its one of main Brazilian fruits that Brazilians like to eat every day for breakfast.
Fruta do conde also known in Brazil as “pinha” and called “sugar-apple” in English. It tastes like some kind of hybrid of a banana and a pea, though it takes a bit of practice to tell them apart either by taste or visually.
Jaboticaba is very similar in appearance to açai. This Brazilian fruit is sometimes used in the making a wine or liquour. That is if you don’t want to eat it fresh or in a dessert.
Graviola is green in color like an avocado. It can be used in cooking or for sauces.
Abacate (Avocado), the avocado in Brazil can be very big difference of some other countries in Europe that are very small. The Brazilian people love eating avocado smashed with sugar or mixed with milk in a drink.
Sapoti is grown on the sapodilla tree (sapotizeiro) and is native to the Yucatan peninsula of Mexico. In Brazil it is mostly grown in the tropical northeastern region of Brazil. Sapoti is often sold by street vendors in cities of the northeast. The fruit can be cut open and peeled and is refreshing and energizing type of Brazilian fruit.
Caqui (Diospyros kaki) is a wonderful exotic fruit that not only has a wonderful texture and exquisite taste, but also has some wonderful nutritional properties. It is very sweet but also very fragile Brazilian fruit.
Pitanga is delicious and sweet commonly used in juices or you can just eat lika cherry.
Amora is a very common berry in Brazil. This small berry is usually used to make jelly.
Acerola has 100 times more the vitamin C than oranges. Acerola juice is great to drink to help avoid the flu.
Tamarinho the pulp of this Brazilian fruit has a sweet and sour flavor and is used in the preparation of candies, cakes, ice creams, syrups, drunk, liqueurs, refreshments, concentrated juices. It is also used as a seasoning for rice, meat, fish and other foods.
Rambutan this fruit has one seed in the center which you discard as it is bitter. The rest of the fruit is very refreshing. Besides vitamin C, there are many other nutritional components.
Cajá grows on huge trees deep within the rainforest zones of Minas Gerias, Espirito Santo and the southern part of Bahia. This small fruit look like a tiny mango and its tastes like one too. Caja is mostly used in the form of juices and to make ice cream in Brazil.
Pitaiaor or pitahaya, this fruit comes from several different cactus species. It tastes sour and refreshing, when its made the juice it’s had a flesh and a stronger taste, usually its mixed with other kind fruits and used in smoothies.
Mangostin is a fruit that is extremely rich with enzymes, vitamins, trace minerals, Anthocyanins, and antioxidant.
Cupuaçu pulp is frequently used in the domestic preparation of juices, ice creams, pies, liqueurs, compotes, jellies, yogurts, bombom and cookies.
Rare Native Brazilian Fruits
Below is a list of Brazilian fruit that are native to Brazil and grow naturally in the forests of Brazil. Many of these fruits are rare and considered endangered.
Banana do macaco (Monkey Banana) this banana looking fruit grows naturally in the forests of Brazil
Araticum-cagão the plant that this Brazilian fruit grows on is cited as an endangered species. This native Brazilian fruit grows up to 4″ long. Skin is green, knobby, much like the cherimoya or atemoya. Flesh is white-yellow in color, with an aromatic, sweet flavor.
Taperebá is a tropical fruit that grows naturally in the forests of northern and northeastern Brazil, where it is also known as cajá. Taperebá is one of the most popular fruits in this region, and is used to make sweetened juices and ice-creams. Because of its richness in essential nutrients and is a rich source of vitamins B and C. Also has high levels of calcium, iron and phosphorous. The juice has antibacterial properties and revitalizes the skin. It has been used medicinally for centuries in Brazil.
Marajá is native to dry land forests of the Amazon region. This edible Brazilian fruit is very tasty. The tree is locally cultivated and the fruits are commercialized on a small scale in its native range.
Oiti da Bahia is native to Bahia. It is a centenary plant that grows very high. It is said to be a favorite fruit of Emperor Dom Pedro II.
Origins of some of the most popular fruits
- Guava (Brazil)
- Passion fruit (Brazil)
- Coconut of Bahia (Brazil)
- Cashew (Brazil)
- Cocoa (Brazil)
- Pineapple (South America)
- Banana (Asian Southeast)
- Apple (Asian)
- Orange (China)